The scandals involving political parties and the political class are perceived as endemic to Italian democracy, so as to have undermined the authority.
The parties have come out from the perimeter of their relevance and occupied every public space: manage nominations and appointments to key institutional positions; choose the boards of public companies, large and small; decide on the country’s policies; participate in a conspicuous distribution of public money, in the form of public finanziamnto before, and reimbursement election now.
Hence the importance of party reform.
The Constitution, Art. 49, speaks in these terms: “All citizens have the right to freely associate in parties to contribute through democratic processes to determine national policy.”
Not much, in fact: for the constituent parties are associations of citizens, free and democratic. Little more certainty as to the other two articles of the Constitution related to 49: art. 18, on the right of association, and the art. 98, on the registration of political parties limitations. The constitutional prudence is not surprising: the historical period in which it was enacted inevitably had as a priority the freedom even of parties, not interfering in their internal regulations.
The scandal in Rome of the mixings of mafia with politics is no shocker, but rather testimony that despite all the promises and announced reforms over the years, the political class have not even scratched the surface of corruption, and instead have rendered it a system anchored in dishonesty. The 2015 Expo, the MOSE project…