Parties reform


In Italy, the debate on political ills has been limited to impeaching public contributions, without seeing that they are only part of the problem. We need the courage to admit that the abolition of public financing of political activity cannot heal the crisis of legitimacy, as well as of representation, of the parties. There are…


To implement Article 49 of the Constitution on the democratic nature of parties, something has been done in recent years, with Decree Law No.


The indications contained in the proposal of the Ethical Foundation have been largely accepted by the following bill, presented to the Chamber of Deputies on 8 July 2013, while the topic of party financing was under discussion. Read our proposal


Fondazione Etica has been recognized for best practice from the GROUP OF STATES AGAINST CORRUPTION (GRECO), the highest authority on anticorruption in Europe.


On the subject of party regulation we are also in contact with the PARTY LAW PORTAL, within the University of Leiden (Netherlands), led by Professor Ingrid van Biezen.


At the 54th GRECO plenary meeting within the Council of Europe in Strasbourg 20-23 March 2012, the report on Italy was adopted concerning the third series of assessments, divided into two parts: – First part on the rules that lead to the indictment for corruption offense – Second part on the financing of political parties…

The context has completely changed and a party discipline is no longer put off. Moreover, there are subjects of private law, including the foundations, which in order to obtain legal status must submit a specific request and follow a complex bureaucratic process, only after which they can, eventually, be registered in the Register of legal persons set up at the Prefectures. It is not clear why, then, this should not also apply to parties, which, on the one hand, carry out an important public task, and, on the other, benefit from considerable amounts of state funding.

It goes without saying that it is not easy to establish the limit beyond which the intervention of the legislator in the internal organization of the parties risks limiting their autonomy, with possible indirect consequences also on the ideological identity of the same. This, however, cannot affect the right of citizens to expect public money to be assigned only to those associations of people who, in accordance with the requirements established by law, can be defined as parties.

Of course, it would be na├»ve to imagine that a law implementing art. 49 may be the solution to any degeneration of the party system. Statutes and Rules cannot, of themselves, ensure better parties, or more “moral” ones. However, by imposing compliance with certain constraints, the legislator can obtain at least two results. On the one hand, to monitor the democratic nature of the parties, thereby favoring the political participation of citizens encouraged by the Constitution. On the other hand, contributing to increasing transparency in party management, making the granting of electoral reimbursements and any other form of public financing conditional on compliance with legislative constraints