Innovation in P.A.

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We publish the article of our vice-president Caporossi on Public Administration and best practice and our Rating Pubblico. Here to read the article

The progressive reduction of public resources has a vital made them more careful and rigorous use around the world and especially in Italy for its very high public debt. However, the penalty alone is not enough, not even in times of crisis. They need other instruments, different from the traditional ones: these, in fact, force the virtuous Administrations sacrifices like those non-virtuous, and the consequence is that the sacrifices end up being perceived as unfair, coming to disrupt the consensus for citizens and administrators the state. The penalty, therefore, must be accompanied by incentive mechanisms, that are able to reward deserving Administrations and penalize those that are not. To do so we need to evaluation and measurement tools also qualitatively. To answer this need the instrument created by Fondazione Etica: Public Rating, a rating of the sustainability of public administration. The idea was inspired by what happened with the economic-financial crisis of recent years: it has made clear, on the one hand, the unreliability of a certain way of evaluating the regulated markets financial securities and their issuers (listed companies and sovereign states); on the other, the better performance of so-called ESG Sustainability Indexes (enviromental, social, governance).

The only quantitative analysis, in fact, turned out to be so essential as insufficient: the downgrade in the rating of a region or a municipality is the indicator of a problem, but an indication of where not to intervene. The legislator has understood for some time: in 2009, by Law n. 15, making it mandatory for P.A. the measurement and evaluation of performance; in 2012, with 190 of the Law on anti-corruption policies; in 2013, by Legislative Decree n. 33 on transparency requirements; in 2014, by Legislative Decree 90 of the transparency and efficiency. Integrity and transparency are the points called multiple times for our country also the European Union.

The qualitative evaluation of the Public Administrations, then, is not just a choice but something to do immediately on the basis of a national and European regulatory requirements that sometimes unknown even to professionals and, therefore, largely unfulfilled. To be effective, the assessment should be undertaken independently of the accession of the rated entity and be based on a plurality of sources. In other words, the performance appraisal must be done externally and independently, and serve not so much to P.A. but who has to deal with them, that is, to its stakeholders: citizens / users, suppliers, the state lender, banks, the EU. This is what makes the Sustainability Rating for P.A., which does not intend to interfere in the sphere of autonomy of P.A. and in their self-diagnostic systems, but added to them outside. Through the analysis and weighting of oggettivizzabili qualitative data, the Sustainability Rating Publish a Currency P.A. as a whole, even disaggregandola by macro – such as governance or the relationship with fornitori- and placing it in comparison with the same type Administrations. Public Rating can be one of the concrete contributions to begin to look at things from a new point of view, worrying not only the “what” spends P.A., but also the “how” and “what for.”

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Has been published our new report on the Public Rating of Municipalities: NÉ SMART NÉ OPEN, INTANTO CITTÀ  Second Report comparative evaluation of performance, transparency, anti-corruption.

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The Italian Government presented the third Plan of Action as part of the Open Government Partnership. Fondazione Etica was in the OPG Forum, working on ‘Accountability table. This was his proposal that the Forum has supported the Ministry of Public Administration in the preparation of this Plan.

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