Urban regereneration

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Fondazione Etica has begun experimenting with social impact innovation together with the Region of Tuscany, Caritas, Confindustria, a bank and now also the Fondazione Italia Sociale. Two years of work took us to bring everyone together around the same table, on the same project, to create a local organizing committee and, above all, to agree…

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The Tuscany Region has a real estate asset of great value, which it manages on behalf of the citizens, real owners of those assets. Among them, buildings of historical and artistic value and land in areas of rare natural beauty. It is not always possible to find sufficient financial resources to restore and maintain them….

Smart cities, metropolitan cities, resilient communities, sustainability …: how many are the slogans launched in recent years to say, after all, always the same thing, and that is to make the communities livable, for people, attentive to the common good.

An important step forward is represented precisely by the possibility for citizens to manage and exploit disused public goods.

Let’s start with the data:

One house in ten in Italy is unused,

more than 20 thousand abandoned industrial areas throughout Europe,

1,700 undefined railway stations in our country.

In Veneto alone, roughly 20% of the total industrial buildings are vacant;

in Tuscany, out of a total of 132 cantoniere houses, 64 were transferred to the Region awaiting a new destination;

in Milan and the Province 11% of the offices, equal to an area of ​​1.3 million square meters, are empty.

A building heritage waiting to be revitalized. Among the abandoned assets there is everything: from power plants to theaters and cinemas, from libraries to hotels, from railways to sports facilities, and even parking lots, hospitals, homes, offices, industries, warehouses … And all in large quantities: millions of hectares of land, tens of millions of cubic meters awaiting utilization, recovery, new life.

This is what Cittadinanzattiva proposes with a project to which Fondazione Etica has adhered since the beginning: it takes its cue from the “Available!” Network, a network of good practices already active on the national territory for the re-use of abandoned goods and areas. “We identified the abandonment of buildings and peri-urban infrastructure or agricultural spaces as one of the most obvious chapters of waste, socially and environmentally harmful. Article 24 of Law 64/2014 “Sblocca Italia”, thanks to an amendment presented by us and accepted, extends the possibility for individuals, individuals and associates, to propose projects to the municipal body to which they belong not only to realization of activities such as cleaning, beautification and maintenance of limited areas of the territory, but above all to the recovery and re-use of immovable property and unused areas that could be valorised and reconverted for the general interest thanks to the contribution and care of the citizens, for the benefit of entire community ”, explains Francesca Moccia, deputy secretary general of Cittadinanzattiva.


Amendments to the “Sblocca Italia” decree

The “Sblocca Italia” decree constituted an important occasion, on the one hand, to give full application to the principle of subsidiarity enshrined in the Constitution, and, on the other, to recover the disused public heritage.

Cittadinanzattiva in fact, has proposed two amendments to articles 24 and 26 of the aforementioned decree, which have been accepted and presented by some Pd and 5-star MPs in the Environment Commission in the Chamber’s referent: the goal is to allow citizens the right to recover and use unused public areas and real estate.

We all know that these goods are very many in every part of Italy, powerless to witness their progressive degradation. This is why the initiative of Cittadinanzattiva is important: if the two amendments presented are approved by Parliament, citizens will be actively involved in the recovery of those assets and in their reuse by the community and by individuals. The recovered assets could become, in some cases, the seat of craft and business activities, and in others, constitute a historical and artistic heritage to be reopened to visitors, in any case always with aims of general interest. It is evident that in this way new economic and cultural activities would be created, and, consequently, jobs.

As Fondazione Etica we have guaranteed our full support to a battle that is not of Cittadinanzattiva, but of all responsible citizens interested in the common good.

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With art. 24 (Measures to facilitate the participation of local communities in the protection and enhancement of the territory) of Law 164/2014 “Unblock Italy”, new strength and impetus is given to the role of citizens, individual and associated, in the care of common goods and of the general interest, as determined by the art.118 uc of the Constitution. Municipalities have the possibility of defining, with a specific resolution, “the criteria and conditions for carrying out interventions on projects presented by single or associated citizens, as long as they are identified in relation to the area to be redeveloped”.

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The website www.disponibile.org is online, born as part of the Available! Campaign, of which Fondazione Etica is a partner since the initial phase. Available! it is a tool to denounce the waste of abandoned goods and areas, promote activities to reduce such situations and support the mobilization of citizens in this area.

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The State Property Agency has participated in the event promoted by Cittadinanzattiva – The reuse of public assets and the enhancement of the territory: art.24 as an opportunity for participatory management through circular subsidiarity – in Rome. With this initiative, a shared path is set up between institutions, municipal administrations, experts and civic organizations to…