The Rating of Public Administrations
“The processes of innovation in any sector are characterized by the indispensable long horizontal time frame and by the high risk of failure (…) This is why we must be “a little mad “ to engage in innovation: because it often costs more of what it fruits and therefore, if we were based on the traditional cost-benefit analysis, we would not even begin. But when Steve Jobs, in his famous lectio magistrale at Stanford, invited innovators to remain hungry and foolish, few pointed out that the foolishness of which the patron of Apple spoke had ridden the wave of innovations financed and directed by the public sector. Such radical investments, which involved a very high level of uncertainty, did not happen thanks to venture capitalists or garage inventors. Innovations that would not exist if we had to wait for the market or companies to think about it.” (Marianna Mazzucato – “The Innovative State”, 2014) Innovation comes from the public much more than from the private sector and to prove it is an economist like Mazzuccato. Also for this reason it is worthwhile to take care of the public machine and give it authority back, over time. Such as? Making it efficient and transparent. Who can do it? We too, as stakeholders of the Public Administration. For this, the Fondazione Etica has created the Public Rating.
WHAT IS PUBLIC RATING
The Public Rating is a tool for evaluating and measuring the transparency, integrity and performance of Public Administrations, local and national: the indicators are those provided for by the current regulations and the methodology is that of the Esg Sustainability Indices, used on financial markets.
Its innovativeness with respect to existing evaluation models consists of the following points:
- does not require the collaboration of the Administrations in the evaluation process,
- adopts the stakeholder point of view,
- transposes the regulatory provisions of recent years (in particular legislative decree n.33 / 2013 and the anti-corruption laws),
- measures both qualitative and quantitative data of public performance,
- helps predict default risk,
- helps prevent corruption risk,
- identifies a benchmark,
- supports PAs that want to improve,
- allows the involvement of citizens.
WHAT IT IS FOR
The Public Rating is a concrete tool for both Public Administrations and citizens and businesses, mainly for:
- Innovate and improve the Public Administration
- The external and independent evaluation of the transparency and performance of the individual Administrations makes it possible to compare them and, therefore, to put them in competition, encouraging the less virtuous to follow the example of the virtuous ones.
- Make a spending review based on the merit of the PA
- The Public Rating serves not so much to give report cards as to establish a benchmark among the PAs, allowing Governments to have a comparative framework for a more correct allocation of resources according to an incentive system: those who do better, must have more resources.
- Prevent corruption
- The Rating also allows an assessment of the transparency of the PA, which is the first bulwark against corruption.
- Provide operational support to the administrative machine
- PAs often fail to meet the numerous regulatory requirements on transparency, efficiency and anti-corruption: the Public Rating is an operational support to understand how to do and where to improve.
- Promote participatory processes
- The Rating allows a more mature participation of citizens: they can also send data in a kind of Facebook of the PA.
The Public Rating received awards from Cassa Depositi e Prestiti, Confindustria (which defined the Public Rating: “one of the focal points of our idea of PA” and which therefore “deserves to be supported”), Kpmg, Lega delle Autonomie and da World Bank, which cited it in a Report on the main international examples of data use for strengthening public governance and presented it in two internal seminars in Washington.
The Public Rating is the subject of collaboration with ANAC, with PdCM – Regional Affairs Department, with Open Government in the Department of Public Administration, with Regions such as Tuscany and with Municipalities such as Milan, as well as with Caritas.
It then inspired the GovLoc Lab of the Luiss-Icedd University, led by Paola Caporossi of Fondazione Etica.
The Public Rating Reports of local authorities were requested by banks and institutional investment funds, while the Corriere della Sera periodically publishes the results of the Public Rating.