From Anac to widespread monitoring
The changes made to decree 33/2013, the so-called transparency decree, by decree 97/2016, the so-called foia decree, clearly indicate that the monitoring of public administrations must become constant: the photography of individual Administrations and even that of the group is not enough. The comparison, in fact, must be not only between Administrations, but also between annuities, in order to allow the evaluation of the effective improvement over time of an Administration with respect to another.
This requires continuous, extensive and in-depth monitoring, which cannot be carried out by ANAC, nor by any other body: too much time and too many human and financial resources necessary.
The only possible monitoring is the widespread one: alongside the monitoring of the Office for the Evaluation of Performance and that of Anac, the monitoring carried out by the citizens becomes essential.
It is they, in fact, who can have a knowledge more adherent to the reality of a Municipality, a Region, an Asl, both for the territorial contiguity and for the daily interaction.
The importance of civic monitoring was finally recognized in 2016, by the aforementioned decree n.97, where it changes article 1 of decree 33/2013 indicating transparency as essential for:
“Favoring widespread forms of control over the pursuit of institutional functions and the use of public resources”.
Represents the indirect admission of the legislator that the evaluation and monitoring of the PA must go beyond the institutions and necessarily also involve the citizens.